Posts Tagged ‘Warren Anderson’
Warren M Anderson died on September 29 at a nursing home in Vero Beach, Fla. He was 92. His death, however, became a public knowledge only a month later when The New York Times reported it on October 30.
His death passed almost unnoticed until an article appeared in Vero Beach 32963, the weekly newspaper of the Vero Beach barrier island, says NYT.
A Brooklyn carpenter’s son, Anderson ascended to the top of the Union Carbide Corporation (UCC) which is remembered in India more for the world’s worst industrial disaster as the leak of poisonous gas from its plant in Bhopal in December 1984 killed thousands and afflicted with multiple ailments lakhs of others. A large number of the victims are still not able to cope up with life.
Anderson was never brought to book for his role in the tragedy, in spite of summonses and warrants issued by Indian courts several times. The only time he visited Bhopal after the tragedy, he was treated by then chief minister of Madhya Pradesh Arjun Singh as the most honoured guest (rather than an accused) and allowed by then Rajiv Gandhi government to fly out of the country.
In fact, such was the clout of Anderson that he virtually owned the government, as well as the judiciary, of India. The Prime Ministers and judges including Chief Justices of the Supreme Court behaved like his paid servants. The whole UCC episode in India marks a period of shame in this country. Perfidy of the Indian politicians, bureaucrats and judges may not be as much evident in any other case as in the case of Union Carbide disaster.
On December 3 falls the 28th anniversary of the Bhopal Gas Leak Disaster. The survivors and their sympathisers will observe the ritual, as they always have, of holding prayer meetings, taking out processions, shouting slogans against the authorities and burning the effigies of former Union Carbide chairman Warren Anderson.
The ritual over, these hapless survivors will return to their desultory life, hoping for some miracle that would make their living a little less miserable. All they need is medicine, uncontaminated drinking water and some means of sustaining their life. They have spent all these years in the hope of this miracle. The governments at the Centre and in the State have made every effort to deny them these basic necessities —- the Central government which had, by an Act of Parliament, taken upon the role of the guardian of the families affected by the MiC gas leak from Union Carbide’s pesticide plant, and the State government which has the responsibility of implementing the projects aimed at providing succour to the survivors.
An important issue ignored by the authorities so far is why Union Carbide was using poison in its pesticide plant in Bhopal.
The presence of cyanide and phosgene in the blood of the victims and in the residue of the storage tank immediately after the disaster on December 2-3,1984 had puzzled the scientists because these two chemicals are not required to manufacture pesticides. While high concentration of hydrogen cyanide was found in air samples close to the tank two to three days after the leakage, phosgene was also smelt close to the tank during the release.
The vapour of hydrogen cyanide “may be followed by almost instantaneous collapse and cessation of respiration”. Cyanide can also accumulate in the body. Then the common symptoms are headache, dizziness, nausea and weakness. Less common are rash, increased sweating, dyspnoea, weight loss and irritability, besides, many other “unspecified symptoms”.
Phosgene was “effectively used as a combat gas during the First World War”. It is a severe irritant to the entire respiratory tract.
The Indian authorities did not even seek an explanation from the Union Carbide Corporation (UCC) about the presence of these two chemicals, as these were not required for making pesticides.