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Posts Tagged ‘ICMR

It was the impotent rage of the survivors of the Bhopal MiC gas leak disaster that made them resort to ‘rail roko’ agitation on the 27th anniversary of the world’s biggest industrial disaster and later burn the effigy of home minister Palaniappan Chidambaram. As chairman of the GoM on Bhopal gas disaster, Chidambaram has been as callous and insensitive to the problems of the survivors as Manmohan Singh was during the Narasimha Rao government.

The provocation for the survivors’ anger against Chidambaram was provided by the decision of the GoM at its latest meeting not to revise the figures of death and injuries in the curative petition (civil), now pending before the Supreme Court, for enhanced compensation. Nawab Khan of the Bhopal Gas Peedit Mahila Purush Sangharsh Morcha (BGPMPSM) alleged Chidambaram’s close association with Dow Chemical (which had taken over Union Carbide in 2002). They demanded removal of Chidambaram from the post of the chairman of the GoM. The survivors quoted from a letter written by Chidambaram (then finance minister) to the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) in 2006, pleading that Dow Chemical should be exonerated from its liabilities in the Bhopal disaster.

The Bhopal Group for Information and Action (BGIA) claimed that the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) had estimated that by 1997 over 15,000 people had succumbed to the tragedy but in court, the government only spoke of 5,295 deaths.

The sham verdict of the Bhopal CJM’s court in June 2010 (when the accused in the gas leak disaster were treated like VIPs by the CJM in his court and released on bail as soon as the sentence was announced) had created a big uproar inside and outside the country. The GoM, presided over by Palaniappan Chidambaram had met urgently and given the impression as if the Government of India was, for once, sincere in its approach. But it turned out to be a false hope, once again.  . No steps have been taken to redress the grievances of the survivors.  The curative petition for reversing the 1996 verdict of the Supreme Court was deliberately bungled by the attorney general  and then rejected by the five-judge bench presided over by Chief Justice S H Kapadia who had, though, observed during the hearing that the Supreme Court had gone beyond its jurisdiction in delivering the 1996 verdict. The GoM has failed to come up with an effective mechanism to ensure medical rehabilitation of the victims and also to suggest avenues of providing them some means of earning their livelihood, suitable to their physical condition

If the Government of India, more particularly the GoM, has been ignoring the interests of the Bhopal gas leak survivors quietly, the ruling BJP in Madhya Pradesh has been doing the same noisily. After the CJM’s infamous verdict of June 2010, State BJP president Prabhat Jha had, of all the persons, made a public statement that if the Central government did not pay adequate compensation to the survivors, the State government would pay. The chief minister has, of course, been making so many promises that it is difficult to keep a track of all.

One promise he has, though, fulfilled — that about appointing a new commission of inquiry. He had announced the name of Justice S L Kochar as the chairman of the new commission long before Kochar had retired from the Madhya Pradesh High Court. The Kochar Commission has been functioning for several months now — if it can be called functioning. Neither the survivors have taken this commission seriously nor the commission has shown any seriousness, at least so far, in completing the task entrusted to it. It would appear that all Chauhan wanted was to oblige some people for past favours. The Bhopal Gas Peedit Mahila Udyog Sangathan (BGPMUS) and Bhopal Gas Peedit Sangharsh Sayahog Samiti (BGPSSS), the two organisations working for the survivors, have expressed their disappointment with the way the commission is functioning. They feel that the Commission can be expected to produce some result if it starts from the stage where the former Commission headed by Justice N K Singh was forced to wind up and all the submissions that were made before the N K Singh Commission are taken on record.

They wanted completion of the house-to-house survey of the gas affected population. Such a survey, they have pointed out, was undertaken immediately after the disaster by the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) but it was abruptly wound up and the proformas completed by the 500-odd volunteers were confiscated by the government. Under the circumstances, it would be extremely helpful if the State Government, even at this late stage, allowed TISS access to the said proformas so that the same could be processed and analyzed fruitfully in the interest of the gas-victims.

They have reminded the chief minister that the State Government has till date not complied with the Supreme Court’s direction of 12.08.1985 (in Writ Petition No.11708 of 1985) to issue health booklets to all gas-victims. Even twenty-seven years after the disaster, less than ten per cent of the gas-victims have been issued health booklets. Directions to the State Government to provide health booklets to all gas-victims were repeatedly issued by the Monitoring Committee, which the State Government very conveniently continues to ignore.


There seems to be a conspiracy to hand over the management of the Bhopal Memorial Hospital and Research Centre (BMHRC) to the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), which had been deeply involved with the victims of the 1984 MiC gas leak disaster from the very beginning but had later ignominiously abandoned all its activities midstream. If that happens, as the survivors apprehend, it will further expose the fraud and deceit perpetuated by the Union government on the victims of the disaster from the time of Rajiv Gandhi.
The group of ministers (GoM) on Bhopal gas leak disaster, which had met in the latter part of June last year, had discussed in some detail the affairs of the BMHRC , which was set up by the Union Carbide in pursuant to various orders of the Supreme Court. The Hospital is managed by the Bhopal Memorial Hospital Trust (BMHT), created by the Union Carbide. A M Ahmadi was rewarded with the chairmanship of the BMHT on his retirement as the Chief Justice of India for diluting the charges against the Union Carbide officials (‘without jurisdiction’, as the present Chief Justice, S H Kapadia, had observed during the hearing of the curative petition). The BMHT has a corpus which had grown to Rs 436 crore as on 31.3.2009, the GoM had noted.
Ahmadi had managed the Hospital with the same degree of dishonesty as he had displayed in his 1996 judgement to help the culprits of the gas leak disaster. That he squandered the money on his personal whims is only one aspect. The gas leak survivors, for whose sake the Hospital was specifically directed by the Supreme Court to be built, were treated in a cavalier manner while the preference was given to the influential and rich, paying patients.
The minutes of the GoM meeting say: “After reviewing the state of affairs relating to health and health-related matters and finding that the picture is very disappointing, GoM recommends the following 😦 i) The GOI may approach the Supreme Court to allow takeover of the BMHRC by the Government of India through the Department of Bio-Technology and the Department of Atomic Energy. The hospital can then be strengthened, upgraded and run as a super-speciality and research hospital. The State Government has no objection to this.”
Later addressing a Congress Parliamentary Party (CPP) meeting, party president Sonia Gandhi referred to the Bhopal gas tragedy and observed that there had been “inadequacies in how successive governments” had dealt with this calamity. She added that a ministers’ group had prepared an “agenda for action on the Bhopal gas tragedy” under which compensation for victims was increased, medical facilities were being strengthened, review of judicial decisions was being sought and waste disposal, decontamination and remediation activities were being finalised. (Will she try to find out from non-government sources how much of this agenda has been truly implemented?)
Following the approval of the Supreme Court, the Atomic Energy Department, had taken over the management of the BMHRC in September last year. Its officials had started consultations with the groups of employees of the BMHRC as well as the representatives of the gas disaster survivors to acquaint themselves with the problems and shortcomings at the BMHRC. The Department had even announced in March this year that the employees of the BMHRC would be given the benefit of the sixth pay commission and the vacant posts of the doctors would be filled—some of these posts have been lying vacant for over a year.
The reported move of the government to hand over the BMHRC to the ICMR, instead, has upset the survivors’ representatives who describe it as a betrayal of the gas victims by the government. Bhopal Gas Peedit Mahila Udyog Sangathan (BGPMUS) convener Abdul Jabbar feels that the decision to entrust the BMHRC to the ICMR must have been with the consent of the Prime Minister as the Department of Atomic Energy is directly under the Prime Minister.
Jabbar has grave doubts about the sincerity of the ICMR so far as the Bhopal gas victims are concerned. He said that the GoM, when it had recommended that the Atomic Energy Department should be entrusted with the management of the BMHRC, had also asked the ICMR to restart research on gas victims but its laboratory had not become functional so far; the ICMR chairman is also the chairman of the advisory committee formed by the Supreme Court for gas relief hospitals but the committee had hardly functioned. Moreover, the ICMR had suddenly abandoned the research on medical implications of MiC gas leak exposure which had caused the disaster.
The BGPMUS plans a demonstration in Delhi on October 10 to protest against the move to hand over the BMHRC to the ICMR and present a memorandum to the Prime Minister to seek his intervention in the matter. Jabbar has also written a letter to AICC general secretary and former Madhya Pradesh chief minister Digvijay Singh to strive at his level to get this move stopped.

May 2018
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Outright Perilous!

An egoist as the head of the government is bad enough. An egotist is a nuisance as his constant chant of I…, I…., I….. jars on the listeners’ years. But when he loses touch with the reality and starts believing his imaginary achievements to be his real achievements, that’s outright perilous.

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